According to sociology researchers we know that the Mass Media- radio, motion pictures, recorded music, television and the Internet- are important agents of socialization in our life. The Mass Media, especially the Internet, has a powerful influence in developing value systems and shaping behavior.
Recently, sociologists and other social scientists have begun to consider what impact Internet communication may have on socialization. Thus, the Internet has two kinds of influence on people, negative if people do not use it wisely and positive if they do.
“The Internet is the world’s largest computer network. As of 1998, it was reaching some 37 million computer users, but the number of people using the Internet has doubled each year. The Internet serves as a powerful agent of socialization for many young people in the United States and elsewhere. In recent years, people have expressed concern about the type of material that children can access on the Internet, especially pornography.” (Schaefer, 2000).
The governments of all countries are constantly trying to fight child pornography on the Internet, but they cannot succeed because if they close one site, there are two more that will be opened the next day. For example, in a Russian newspaper I read about the recent discovery of Internet child pornography in Russia. People paid big money to see a 6-year-old girl raped and then killed. But the government cannot stop this spread of illegal material over the Internet because there are too many powerful people involved in this business. This is bad not only for the children that are being raped and killed, but also for people who watch those video materials on the Internet. After seeing something like this, they might also want to do the same thing themselves.
Although this is an example of the negative influence of the Internet, the Internet’s influence may also be positive. For example, my husband’s relatives live in different countries such as Australia, Israel and Germany, and my husband wants to keep in contact with them. However, he does not like to write letters at all, so he uses the Internet. Sending letters by mail to other countries is more expensive than using the Internet. In this case, the Internet gives him the possibility to communicate with his relatives more easily and cheaply. Moreover, he has met many people on the Internet with whom he talks about many subjects including his and their lives, the weather, entertainment, the political and economical situation in different countries. The Internet has been very useful to my husband.
While preparing to write this essay I spent a lot of time on the Internet looking for information about the positive and negative influence of the Internet on people’s minds. After many hours of hard work, I’ve found some useful information on this topic, which helped me to better comprehend the influence of the Internet on people.
I think that the Internet plays a great role in all of our lives, especially children’s. When I tried to find information for my essay my son helped me. I could not imagine that two years after we arrived in America my son would know so much about getting information by using the computer. When I came to America I wondered when I found out that every school, college and even kindergarten was computerized.
The Media, especially the Internet, play a great role in our lives and are an important and powerful agent of socialization in everyone’s lives. The Internet enables us to communicate over great distances and makes our life much easier.Work Cited
Schaefer, Richard T. (2000). SOCIOLOGY A BRIEF INTRODUCTION (Third edition). Boston: Mc Graw-Hill.
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Essay Topic: The mass media can have a great influence on encouraging people, especially teenagers and young adults, to pursue the cultural ideal of beauty. How does the mass media teach and promote a specific standard of beauty in our society? What effect does this have on young people? What is the relationship between media messages and eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia? Choose ONE form of the mass media (for example, television, magazines, movies, the Internet) and explain how this medium promotes a cultural standard of beauty that can lead to eating disorders.
Nowadays the Media, especially television, have become an important agent of socialization. Socialization is an important process in everyone’s development. Socialization enables us to adapt and to operate in our society. However, not everything we learn over the process of socialization has positive results. Think about eating disorders that result from the preoccupation many people, especially young people, have with body shape and weight.
Many television advertisements represent to us thin and beautiful models which elegantly show and sell us beauty products. In these commercials beauty is being equated with being thin and blameless. These ads portray models who have a weight that is way below average and who do not have imperfections. It is really impossible to reach this look, but the young people watching these ads at home do not realize that. The images presented in these ads are simply manipulating the young people for marketing purposes.
When young people watch television, they see a lot of pictures of slim, attractive young models. For example, a lot of young people watch “Friends”, “Roswell” and many other serials. In these serials the actors are basically young, thin and beautiful. They constantly remind young people to lose weight, be thin and beautiful and buy more products such as jewelry, cars and clothes. They send the message that if you get the same things, which they represent to us in these serials, people will like and appreciate you. Young people, especially teens, want to look and be like their idols because these models are portrayed as successful, popular and rich.
Television ads portray thin women and muscular men as successful, popular, sexy and rich. As a result, many young people, especially young women, begin to starve themselves to get the tender and exhausted look that surrounds them. To many the pursuit of the ideal image portrayed becomes an obsession and results in eating disorders like anorexia bulimia. This pursuit becomes a way of life and the starvation of anorexia, as well as the binging and purging of bulimia become every day habits. Young people do not realize that if anorexia and bulimia are left untreated, they can be fatal. These young people believe that when they become thin they will be happier, more successful, and beautiful because this is what the ads portray.
In conclusion, television has become an important agent of socialization which enables us to adapt and to operate in our society. However, not every message that we get through agents of socialization is positive. Therefore people, especially young people, have to analyze the information that they get from television ads because as the proverb tells us “ All that glitters is not gold.”BIBLIOGRAPHY
Kasper, Loretta F. Interdisciplinary English, New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 1998, p.128.
Karyn. “Eating Disorders and The Media.” Online. http://home.pb.net/~karyn1/final.htm
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Essay Topic: The Media as an Agent in Socialization
The entire world media such as TV, radio, magazines, newspaper and the Internet play an important role in society. These kinds of media, especially TV affects people’s behavior in a variety of ways. This is especially true when people watch more violent movies than romantic and neutral news.
In the early days people got the news from media like the newspaper and word of mouth. Later on, in the 1940’s TV appeared and it helped people to understand the news better and to see what was happening all over the world.
In society TV is the most popular media from the past few years. It also educates people with information about weather, crime, historical and current events and also, about good and bad events.
TV can be very good. Some of the shows teach people how to learn English. For example, on channel thirteen (13) at 1 o’clock every Monday, there is a program that educates people with lots of words and also, teaches people how to use them in a sentence. When I first came to the United States, I watched this channel every Monday and it really helped me to learn English faster.
Many people like watching TV instead of reading magazines or newspapers. They may not get the emotional feeling by reading. For example, when the bombs began falling in Kosovo, Yugoslavia in March 1999, people did not get the strong emotion just by reading the newspapers. They wanted to see all the damages the bombs did in those countries. Another good example of the effect of the media violence is the story of the boy who took his father’s gun and went to school with it, and then shot two people. When they showed that on TV people felt sorry for both. First of all, the little boy is not mature to be responsible for his crime and the victim lost his/her life without achieving his /her goal of dream. These kinds of tragedies make people think that they are living in a secure world.
When people get the neutral news such as weather. It does not affect people’s behavior. This kind of news makes people think that they are living in a safe world without violence, and also people get friendlier to others.
After what I have observed, the amount of violence in the news today is much higher than the past. I think that TV should take more time giving neutral news, but unfortunately news reporters are very aggressive in pursuing violent stories that will attract viewers.
Therefore, to attract more viewers, TV devotes more time to violent movies instead of to romantic ones. However, I think it is still a good media to provide people with all kinds of information. It also makes people feel alive, that they want to live in this world.
Essay Topic: The Media as an Agent in Socialization
Since the twentieth century, media innovations - radio, motion pictures, recorded music, television, and the Internet – have become important agents of socialization. They all play a great role in the process of socialization, but to my mind the Internet is the most important. It is the world’s largest computer network.
We can’t imagine our life now without the Internet. High school and college students use the Internet in their studies and everyday life. Great companies and firms use the Internet in business. The Internet is available to everybody. In reality the Internet is taking the place of radio, motion pictures and television. It is really an agent of socialization. It helps people to get together, exchange information on different problems and communicate.
According to Staimer (1996) and Bollag (1996), “ A lot of people in the U.S.A. believe that the Internet will increasingly become our primary source of information. About 59 percent of respondents born since 1971 believed that they would get most of their news from the Internet, compared with 31 percent who thought it would come from radio and television and only 10 percent who thought most news would come from print media “ (qtd. in Schaefer,2000 pp.467-467).
While the Internet has unquestionably offered exciting new possibilities for sharing information and communication, many troubling issues have been raised about day-to-day “life” on the Internet. For example, it’s impossible to imagine that neo-Nazis or other extremist groups would exchange messages of hatred and even bomb-making recipes, but the do.
Sociologists that have already been familiar with Internet, think that heavy Internet use affects the traditional agents of socialization because the Internet takes users away from their families and friends. Since agents of socialization most directly affect children, the Internet plays a great role in their life. On the one hand it helps bring up and educate them. On the other hand heavy Internet use takes much of their free time. As a result, children have less time for reading, for walking, going in for sports, and communicating with other children. Therefore I think parents should do their best to help their children to use the Internet wisely.
As for me I have a computer at home and I use the Internet. I learn a lot of information from the Internet concerning my everyday life and my studies. I don’t have enough time to read newspapers, so I learn the news of the world from the Internet. I don’t write and send letters. I use e-mail to communicate with my friends.
I have been living in America for about three years, but I still don’t know many things that are necessary for me. The Internet is my greatest helper because it takes less time but gives me a great amount of information. For example, not long ago I had to buy a car. Instead of looking through papers and calling different dealers, I used the Internet and managed to solve my problem in a few hours. I also use the Internet if I need to get certain information in order to find and buy other necessary things.
Since I became a student of Kingsborough Community College I have used the Internet in my studies. My college teachers give me tasks on different subjects on the Internet. In my turn I send off my homework to them by e-mail. I get the information for my ESL class on the Internet. It’s of great help for me because I’m one of the thousands and even millions of people who think the Internet is the most important media innovation in their life.
As one of the main agents of socialization the Internet has considerable influence on the process of people’s development. Sociologists and psychologists have studied the process of socialization. Socialization helps to shape and define our thoughts, feelings and actions. It teaches us the cultural values and norms for our everyday life. It’s impossible to overestimate the role of the Internet in the process of socialization.
Schefer,Richard T. (2000).Sociology A Brief Introduction (third edition). Boston: MC Graw-Hill.pp.90, 466-467.
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Essay Topic: SOCIALIZATION OF EATING DISORDERS
Mass media is all means of communication, such as the Internet, newspapers, radio, and television, that provide the public with news, entertainment and advertisements. To my mind television is the greatest invention of the 20th century and an important agent of socialization. On the one hand television plays a serious role in the development of technology, science and industry, space exploration. Today people can’t imagine their everyday life without it.
On the other hand television may be harmful to a certain extent. Television teaches and promotes a specific standard of beauty in our society. People, especially the young, watch hours of television every day. They see young people who depict the “ideal” body. I don’t think that television plays a positive role in this situation : inexperienced young people can do harm to their health by stop eating, starve themselves and exercise more frequently.
Most models and superstars on television show clothes designed to fit skinny people. Unfortunately, our society stereotypes beautiful women as being thin. Society puts great emphasis on thinness for women; moreso than it does for men.
“Some girls and women feel that they can’t be successful or worthwhile people unless they look like the underweight models shown in the media. Many become slaves to the mirror and bathroom scale, which robs energy from more important pursuits and may lead to eating disorders. Indeed, women are 20 times more likely than men to have anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.” (Insel, Raul M. and Roth, Walton T., 1997).
When young people watch shows like “Friends”, they internalize what they see. They want to be like the beautiful actresses because they believe the actresses to be successful, popular, sexy and rich. However actresses must be underweight to look “perfect” on television. In order to be thin, young people keep to special diets.
Diet advertisements are another media influence. On television people are continually exposed to amazing “before” and “after” body images. The majority of women, especially young ones, watching these ads do not realize that the results of a diet are individual for everybody. Sometimes it can lead to diseases like bulimia and anorexia. These ads are viewed during shows like Dawson’s Creek and Melrose Place, which occupy the lives of teenagers. This is the age when women are most vulnerable to pick up an eating disorder, and these ads make it that much easier.
The eating disorders may begin with a reasonable diet. However, in anorexia and bulimia the goals and habits quickly become unhealthy. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation, increased physical activity, distorted body image, and an intense fear of gaining weight. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by often episodes of uncontrolled binge eating and frequent purging, either by self-induced vomiting or the use of laxatives or diuretics.
The desire is not to be thin. The desire is to be thinner. As each weight goal is achieved, another lower weight goal is set. People with anorexia and bulimia are not aware that they have abnormal eating behaviors. These people stop eating, starve themselves and exercise more frequently.
In today’s society pressures to be thin and the media’s portrayal of thinness have been thought to play an important role in the development of eating disorders. Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are threatening the lives of people. People have to think about these as very serious illnesses.
Insel, Raul M. and Roth, Walton T, (1997). Core Concepts in Health (eighth edition). California: Mayfield Publishing. pp.243,248.
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Essay Topic: The Media as an Agent in Socialization
The media plays an important role in the society. In fact, there are many types of media; these include newspapers, magazines, radio, Internet, and television. There are positive and negative aspects in the media.
There are some programs on television that give children a lot of information For example: Sesame street is one of the best shows for children. They learn to share things, and also how to get along with others. On Channel Thirteen there is a show for children named Barney, in which they teach children the alphabet and how to spell the words. On the Fox channel, there is the Simpsons. It a very good cartoon; and it helps parents to raise their children on the right path. When those children watch these programs, they are not the same persons anymore; in fact, they try to imitate those characters by becoming kind to everyone. These programs really change their mind; they make the children different from what they were before. Those children don’t have the same behavior. Also, they become more receptive and more attuned to reality. These shows help the children to become socialized.
The TV also has some negative effects on children. For example : Jerry Springer’s show shouldn’t be shown on TV because it has too many fights and bad words. Those things could affect the children if they imitate them. Ricky Lake also not a good show for people to watch because it has a lot of vulgar words. She can’t affect children. Also she invites people to talk about their relationships, but those people aren’t good examples for this society; they are usually divorced parents. W.W.F has too much violence . Although those battles are fake, many children believe they are real. As a matter of fact , a teenager in Florida killed his friend two years ago by wrestling with her. Children sometimes like to have knives, guns, and explosives because they see that their favorite actors use them. When those children see something on television like sneakers or cars they want to afford those things. If they don’t have the money to buy them they may steal it.
The Internet also gives children a lot of information. For example when they have homework , they can use the Internet to do research. Also people can check the news on the Internet. College students have a great opportunity to get help when they have projects to do. On the other hand, there are some sites on the web that are not good for children. Parents have to make sure that their children don’t go there because these sites only show pornographic pictures.
The media has positive and negative effects on the society. People get both because the state doesn’t do anything to control those negative programs; it is supposed to assure that these shows really help this world. Sometimes television presents some good programs to the children, but also they have some garbage like Jerry Springer, and Ricky Lake.
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