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Comprehension Questions for
The History of Psychology

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Use the information presented in the reading passage, and your own words, to write an answer to each of the following questions.
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  1. Who was Rene Descartes?

  2. List 3 reasons why Wilheim Wundt is so important to the history of psychology.

  3. Define the term "introspection" as it is used in psychology. Which school of psychology used introspection to explain behavior?

  4. Name AND Define the 2 principles that motivated William James' views of psychology.

  5. What is the basic principle of functionalist psychology?

  6. According to Freud, what are the elements of personality? How do these elements interact with each other?

  7. Why did John B. Watson believe that behavior should be the focus of psychological research?

  8. How do the views of B.F. Skinner relate to the Nature-Nurture debate? What is the Nature-Nurture debate?

  9. What role does “incubation” play in problem solving?

  10. In what way(s) do the principles of cognitive psychology differ from those of behaviorism in terms of how behavior is explained and studied?

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Last updated on November 8, 2001